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1945 – 1954

President Ho Chi Minh and the provisional government of the Democratic Republic of Vietnam in September 1945.


President Ho Chi Minh initiated the campaign “Eliminate hunger”, 1945.

The banner says “A small portion when hungry is as valuable as a big portion when being full.”

Photo: Báo Mới

The campaign “Eliminate illiteracy” initiated by President Ho Chi Minh in 1945 helped 2.5 million (out of 22 million) become literate in just one year.

Photo: Báo Mới

Ho Chi Minh encouraged men and women to exercise their voting right – for the first time in their lives – on January 6, 1946.


The first National Assembly following the general election on January 6, 1946.

Photo: Báo Mới

With support from the United States, France returned.

On December 19, 1946, Ho Chi Minh read the appeal to the Vietnamese people for national resistance to French recolonization.

Photo: Tien Phong

Photo: The Dien Bien Phu victory in 1954.

France was defeated for the second time on May 7, 1954. Geneva Accords signed on July 21, 1954 temporarily dividing Vietnam at the 17th Parallel. General election to be held in 1956 to reunify Vietnam. Ho Chi Minh was expected to win the election. Source: Eisenhower’s Views on the Popularity of Ho Chi Minh. Dwight D. Eisenhower, Mandate for Change, 1953-56 (Garden City, NY: Doubleday & Company, Inc., 1963), p. 372.

The United States intervened in 1955.

Photo: Báo Mới

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