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Ho Chi Minh was born Nguyễn Sinh Cung on May 19, 1890 in Kim Lien commune, known for beautiful lotus flowers, in Nghe An province (290 kilometres south of Ha Noi).

His second name, as a Vietnamese tradition, is Nguyễn Tất Thành (“Nguyen Who Will Succeed”).

He had a sister Nguyễn Thị Thanh (1884-1954) and a brother Nguyễn Sinh Khiêm (1888-1950).

Visit virtual site Kim Lien.

Photo: Báo Mới

Nguyễn Tất Thành (Ho Chi Minh) studied at Quốc Học (National Academy) in Hue City, 1907-1908.

Photo: Báo Mới

Nguyễn Tất Thành (Ho Chi Minh) began participating and organizing protests against heavy taxes imposed by the French colonial and imperial authorities in 1908.

Photo: Báo Mới

In 1911, Nguyễn Văn Ba (Ho Chi Minh) left Vietnam from the Dragon House Wharf (Bến Nhà Rồng) in Saigon as a cook on a French ship bound for Marseille, France.

Visit virtual site Dragon House Wharf.

Photo: Báo Mới

Ho Chi Minh worked as a baker at the Parker House Hotel in Boston in 1912-1913.

Photo: Media Commons

Ho Chi Minh worked as a pastry chef at the Carlton Hotel in London in 1914-1917.

Photo: Media Commons

In 1919, Nguyễn Ái Quốc (“Nguyen the Patriot”) sent the eight-point petition to the leaders of the participating countries at the Versailles Peace Conference, demanding the French colonial government to give equal rights to the Vietnamese people.

Photo: Lao Động

The house at 9 Impasse Compoint, District 17, Paris where Nguyễn Ái Quốc (Ho Chi Minh) lived in 1921-1923.

Photo: Media Commons

In 1920, Nguyễn Ái Quốc spoke at a meeting of the French Socialist Party to denounce the exploitation of the French colonies.

Photo: Báo Mới

In 1922, Nguyễn Ái Quốc co-founded and directed Le Paria (The Outcast), a weekly newspaper that published articles about French colonialism.

In 1925, Nguyễn Ái Quốc established the Association for the Oppressed Peoples and published his essay, Le procès de la colonisation française (French Colonialism on Trial).

Photos: Báo Mới

In 1927, Nguyễn Ái Quốc wrote The Road to Revolution (Đường Kách Mệnh) and provided training classes for Vietnamese revolutionaries in Guangzhou, China.

>> 1930 – 1945 >> 1945 – 1954 >> 1954 – 1969