HO CHI MINH EXCERPTS

THE CLAIMS OF THE ANNAMESE PEOPLE
June 18, 1919

In June 1919, Nguyễn Ái Quốc (Ho Chi Minh) sent the eight-point petition to the leaders of the participating countries at the Versailles Peace Conference, demanding civil rights for the Vietnamese people under French colonial rule. It attracted little attention. He also sent a letter to U.S. Secretary of State Robert Lansing to appeal to President Woodrow Wilson to seek support for the petition, and received no reply.

The original text is in French. Source: U.S. National Archives (see photo #2).
Please click here for an English translation.
Ho Chi Minh also wrote a Vietnamese poetic version of the claims for the Vietnamese people.

Photo: Lao Động

FRENCH COLONIALISM ON TRIAL
1925

Nguyễn Ái Quốc’s Le Procès de la colonisation française (French Colonialism on Trial) was published in 1925 by Imprékor. There are 12 chapters, in French language.

Please click here to read the English translation of an excerpt of Chapter 11, The Martyrdom of Native Women.

THE ROAD TO REVOLUTION
1927

Ho Chi Minh wrote The Road to Revolution (Đường Kách Mệnh) published by The Union of Asian Oppressed Nations in 1927 to call on and mobilize the Vietnamese people to partake in an armed resistance for independence. There are 15 chapters, in Vietnamese language.

Please click here to read the English translation of excerpts from the document.

THE BLACK RACE
1928

Nguyễn Ái Quốc’s The Black Race was published in 1928 by Gudok Publishing House. There are 13 chapters, in French language.

Please click here to read the English translation of an excerpt from Chapter 6, “Jim Crow”.

Photo: President Ho Chi Minh and Vice-President Ton Duc Thang received Guinea President Sékou Touré in 1960, Van Nghe.

DECLARATION OF INDEPENDENCE OF VIETNAM
1945

Following the August Revolution that defeated France and Japan, Ho Chi Minh wrote and read the Declaration of Independence of Vietnam, in Vietnamese language.

Please click here for the English translation of the document, and watch video with English subtitles.

LETTER FROM PRESIDENT HO CHI MINH TO PRESIDENT HARRY S. TRUMAN, 02/28/1946

Ho Chi Minh worked with the O.S.S. (precursor of the CIA) in 1945 against Japan, and wrote to his O.S.S. contacts since May 1945. From August 30, 1945 to February 28, 1946, Ho Chi Minh sent a total of 10 letters to Harry Truman.

Please click here to read the last letter sent on February 28, 1946. Source: U.S. National Archives.

Photo: Ho Chi Minh’s drawing of instructions for the Vietnamese people to save American pilots, 1945. Title: INDEPENDENT VIETNAM. Poem below: “American Army is our friend. Saving American pilots is what Viet Minh does.” Source: Báo Quốc tế.

REPLY TO MS. CHOSSI,
French Women’s Association
September 22, 1955

Ho Chi Minh wrote a reply to Ms. Chossi of French Women’s Association, mentioning the disproportional losses suffered by the Vietnamese people, and the need to stop the killing and to support each other for the same ideals.

For every French person who dies, there are at least 10 Vietnamese people who lost their lives, for a simple reason that the French have airplanes, navy ships and modern weapons, while the Vietnamese don’t have those!
We need to stop this brother-killing-brother! The Vietnamese and the French peoples pursue the same ideals: liberty, equality and fraternity. We have the same objective of a democratic system. We need to support each other. — HO CHI MINH

Please click here to read the letter.

LETTER OF REPLY TO LESTER PEARSON,
Canadian Secretary of State for External Affairs
November 17, 1955

In 1955, Ho Chi Minh wrote a letter to Lester Pearson, assuring Canada’s then-secretary of state for external affairs that North Vietnam would comply with the terms of the Geneva Accords and hold free elections.

Please click here to read the letter.

TELEGRAM REPLYING TO POPE PAUL VI
February 14, 1967

In 1967, Ho Chi Minh sent a telegram to Pope Paul VI, expressing a mutual wish with the pontiff in seeing an early peaceful solution to the war in Vietnam.

Please click here to read Ho Chi Minh’s telegram. Source: U.S. Department of State.

INTERVIEW WITH MARTA ROJAS,
Granma, Cuba
July 14, 1969

Marta Rojas from Granma newspaper of Cuba was the last foreign journalist to interview President Ho Chi Minh. In the interview, the President said:

I devote my whole life for my country.

Please click here to read the interview.